Paris (AFP) -
Major European nations France, Germany and Spain announced tougher infection control measures Thursday, joining the ranks of countries battling an increase of coronavirus cases.
France expanded a mask-wearing order across capital Paris, while Germany trailed a 50-euro ($59) fine for those caught without a mask where it is compulsory and said fans may have to stay away from sports stadiums until at least December.
Madrid said children as young as six will be required to cover their nose and mouth at Spanish schools, while Britain reversed earlier guidance that pupils aged 11-18 did not need to wear masks.
Countries worldwide are struggling to balance the need for populations to get back to work and study with keeping cases under control -- fearing above all a return to draconian lockdowns.
The pandemic has killed more than 826,000 people worldwide since surfacing in China late last year, and more than 24 million infections have been recorded.
- Tourist trade slammed -
While travel has been blamed in part for the rise in cases in Europe, attempts to salvage at least some of the vital tourist trade across Europe were not enough for Paris
Fourteen million fewer tourists explored the French capital in the first six months of 2020 compared to last year, Ile-de-France (Paris region) president Valerie Pecresse said.
'We have seen the pandemic shatter an extremely dynamic and flourishing sector,' Pecresse added.
The impact has been felt by global businesses tied to travel, with aircraft engine maker Rolls Royce losing £5.4 billion ($7.1 billion) in January-June, while Air New Zealand lost US$300m over its full financial year.
Adding to a growing list of country-by-country travel restrictions, Britain said Thursday it would require arrivals from the Czech Republic, Switzerland and Jamaica to quarantine themselves from Saturday.
Outlining tougher restrictions Thursday, German Chancellor Angela Merkel said 'we are calling on people to avoid travel to risk areas wherever possible'.
- 'Should have ordered masks sooner' -
Paris is one of the hardest-hit regions in France, where official figures released in France on Wednesday showed more than 5,400 confirmed new cases in just 24 hours -- the highest level since May.
Sylvie Soufir argued that the government 'should have (ordered mask-wearing) a long time ago'.
Even with the French capital's mask requirement, Prime Minister Jean Castex has warned a new lockdown cannot be ruled out even if the government will do its best to avoid one.
In Brussels, meanwhile, European Commission trade boss Phil Hogan had to step down, faced with a public outcry after he admitted to breaching Ireland's coronavirus restrictions.
- 'Highly uncertain' -
Keeping mask-wearing and other restrictions in place, Rwanda has lengthened its evening curfew and restricted travel to the hard-hit Rusizi district.
Authorities blamed a recent spike in cases on complacency and fatigue with social distancing measures.
In South Korea, the parliament was shut down on Thursday and a group of lawmakers were in self-quarantine, as the country recorded more than 400 new coronavirus infections.
The United States, however, broke with the toughening trend even though it leads the world in virus deaths and infections.
US authorities now say asymptomatic people don't need to test for COVID-19 if they have been exposed to someone diagnosed with the virus, with US media reporting the White House intervened to reverse previous recommendations.
President Donald Trump has long been accused by critics of trying to play down the scale of the pandemic and focus on economic recovery ahead of his re-election bid in November.
New claims for jobless benefits in the US dropped to around one million in the week to August 22, official data showed Thursday.
But a top Federal Reserve official said Wednesday the US recovery from the coronavirus economic downturn is 'highly uncertain'.
Economies have picked up generally since April-June, though there are concerns that the recovery appears to be slowing faced with mounting cases.
Hopes for economic revival are partly pinned on the development of a vaccine, which companies and governments worldwide are racing to develop.
Peru on Wednesday began registering volunteers for clinical trials of a Chinese vaccine against the coronavirus.